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Advantages Of the Linear Organization in Construction Companies

Objectives of Internal Organization of Work

The organization of a work makes up as a hierarchical structure.  This is subject to a series of rules and standards of behavior. That allows the construction company to achieve the objectives. And these are economy, deadlines, quality, and safety and efficiency. For these goals to achieve in a coordinated manner we are a better in Construction companies in Lahore.

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The activities grouped into departments with a clear assignment of functions and responsibilities. Where each person knows the role that they must fulfill and the way in which their tasks related to the rest.

Internal Organization of Work

The internal organization of a work consists of functional levels. These established in an organization chart. It determines the standards of interrelation between the bodies or positions. And defined by a series of rules, guidelines, or internal regulations. These are necessary to achieve the objectives.

Each construction company has a way of organizing its works. Adapting its operation to the particularities of each case. Thus, it could say that there are as many types of organization as there are works and we offer as best Construction companies in Lahore.

Advantages Good Organization of Work

A good organization of a work supposes economic advantages, of execution. In terms, of security and quality. Yet, no two works are the same because each one carries out in different locations, outdoors. With an excess of hired personnel and with little preparation. Besides, projects usually present many changes throughout their execution.  due to unforeseen events, deficiencies, or other types of circumstances. All this makes the organization of the work one of the decisive keys to the success of the work.

Dynamics Of the Works

The very dynamics based on rigid rules before establishing the works. This makes regulatory organization unfeasible.  A structure with these characteristics of public administrations has the advantage of solving problems.    But, the operation of the work is slow and administrative. That is, it lacks the necessary flexibility to adapt to the changing situations of the work itself.

Advantages Of the Linear Organization

The works usually organize. This structure is the simplest and oldest. Characterized by the principle of linear authority. Where communications between members of the organization follow the established hierarchical line. And the transmission of orders, actions, obligations, and responsibilities is clear and precise.

The advantages of the linear organization go through:

  • Its simplicity,
  • Ease of implementation and

Construction is a field conducive to this type of organization, especially in small and medium-sized works. Not too specialized, with standardized and routine tasks, and with usual execution deadlines.

Aspects Of Hierarchical-Consultative Organization

To avoid the above problems and increase the advantages of the previous organizations. A hierarchical-consultative organization proposes for works of a certain complexity. In this type of organization, the principle of sole authority maintains. And it is the advisory or support bodies that tell the line managers of some aspects of their activities. The hierarchy (line) ensures command and discipline. While specialists provide consulting and advisory services.

A medium-sized project usually directs by the site manager. Who reports to three departments:

  • Technical services,
  • Administrative services, and
  • Production itself.

The figure shows a typical organization chart for these works.

Work Organization

The site manager is the person who assumes responsibility for the assigned objectives. It is easy for him to depend on the technical director of the construction company or the head of a group of works. Among his tasks are:

  • The representation of the company and dealing with staff.
  • The definition, together with the project management, of those points of the project that present uncertainties or doubts.
  • To prepare lists of work units or materials (subcontractors, origin of materials, etc.).
  • For the decision on the location of the facilities and workshops.
  • The analysis of construction processes.
  • Work planning.
  • Coordination and monitoring of execution.
  • The relationship with the central office of the company. (The client, and the subcontractors).
  • Collaboration, with the project management. In the preparation of the certifications and the liquidation of the work.

Responsibilities Of Site Manager

The site manager is also responsible for the administrative management:

  • Reception and storage of materials,
  • Consumption of materials,
  • Inventories of work,
  • Hiring and
  • Management of personnel,
  • Assessment of the work of subcontractors,
  • Management of machinery and
  • Consumption of fuel, electricity, etc.

Of the execution itself, this figure directs the preparatory operations at the beginning of the works.  Orders the work of the personnel and the machinery. And the correct application of the materials. He also assigns the responsibility of:

  • Controlling the pits,
  • The subcontractors,
  • For the work reports and
  • The safety and health at the work.

Organization To Achieve the Objectives

But, in these tasks, the site manager needs an organization capable of helping him achieve the objectives. The heads of production (when the works are important). The site managers and the supervisors complete, speaking, the organization necessary to carry out the work.

Construction Manager

One of the most important figures is that of the construction manager. He is a person with great experience capable of organizing, directing, and supervising the work. He supposes the hierarchical link between the workers and the managerial personnel. In large works, with distant pits or specialized units, there may be several managers coordinated by a general manager.

Supervisors For Performance of The Crew

The supervisors are the link between those in charge and the operators assigned to a pit. This usually select for high degree of experience, and responsibility. Also take care of the performance of the crew.  They charge of the punctuality and the order of the subordinates and of their training if necessary. And complete the daily parts of labor, machinery, and materials. Besides, they propose to the management all the changes, modifications, and convenient controls.

Technical Services Functions

Technical services are outside the production line, reporting to the site manager.

The works achieved by this department are:

  • Technical office:
  • Detailed design,
  • Studies,
  • Calculations,
  • Measurements,
  • Certifications, and
  • Cost control.

Quality and environmental management: laboratories and technical control.

Administrative Services

The men in administrative services, also report to the construction manager. Being outside the executive line.

They take care of:

  • Purchasing orders for materials and tools, their storage, distribution, and control.
  • Management of facilities and equipment: workshops, maintenance, machinery park, etc.
  • Administrative and legal matters related to personnel.
  • The record of accounting operations.
  • The administration of collections and payments.
  • Other support tasks: correspondence, typing, filing, etc.

Functional Organization

There are works that need consultants, or specialized departments, due to their size, complexity, or long execution times.  This is the case of a functional organization. Where command based on knowledge, with no superior having total authority over subordinates.

This organization facilitates the decentralization of decisions and direct communication without intermediaries. But, on a site, a pure functional organization could lead to a loss of command authority. Many subordinations of different specialized departments and confusion of objectives.

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